North Pacific Adaptation Policy

The following are North Pacific policy documents originating with a federal government agency describing to some degree the government's adaptation policy, and other federal-level resources. Starred items were analyzed in my 2010 Master's Thesis for the International and Area Studies program of UC Berkeley.

Canada, China, Japan, Russia, and the U.S. are considered the main states of the North Pacific here.
  • Canada
Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC):

N.B.: Environment and Climate Change Canada was created in 1971 from parts of the Meteorological Service of Canada and the Canadian Wildlife Service. It works with the four other natural resources departments: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Health Canada, and Natural Resources Canada.

English portal
French portal

The Columbia River Treaty ("Treaty between Canada and the United States of America Relating to Cooperative Development of the Water Resources of the Columbia River Basin")

Natural Resources Canada (NRCan):

From Impacts to Adaptation: Canada in a Changing Climate 2007 (2008, 453 p.)*

Canada’s Climate Change Adaptation Platform
  • China (The People’s Republic of China)
National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC):

China's Policies and Actions on Climate Change (English, 2015, 71 p.)

National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (Chinese, 2013, 34 p.)

China's National Climate Change Adaptation Programme (English, 2007, 63 p.)*

NDRC's Department of Climate Change webpage (English)

Adapting to Climate Change in China (NDRC/Switzerland/UK joint effort)
  • Japan
Ministry of the Environment (Committee on Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Research):

National Plan for Adaptation to the Impacts of Climate Change (English, 2015, 107 p.)

Wise Adaptation to Climate Change (English, 2008, 70 p.)*

A-PLAT: Climate Change Adaptation Platform Japan (English)

  • Russia (The Russian Federation)
Office of the President (Dmitry Medvedev):
Climate Doctrine of the Russian Federation (English, 2009, 10 p.)*
Климатическая доктрина Российской Федерации (Russian original)
This is an executive order that was intended to be the foundation for the development and implementation of Russia’s climate policy.


Roshydromet (Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring)/Russian Academy of Sciences - Institute of Global Climate and Ecology (IGCE/ИГКЭ):
Second Roshydromet Assessment Report on Climate Change and Its Consequences in Russian Federation (English, 2014)
Второй оценочный доклад об изменениях климата и их последствиях на территории Российской Федерации (Russian, 2014)

 Assessment Report on Climate Change and Its Consequences in Russian Federation/Оценочный доклад об изменениях климата и их последствиях на территории Российской Федерации (Russian and English versions, 2008)

IGCE/ИГКЭ main website (Russian)

Roshydromet's main climate change webpage (English/Russian mixed)
  • U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA):

- Current (Oct. 2017)

If you try to go to
you are redirected to a special page that says "Thank you for your interest in this topic. We are currently updating our website..."

Energy Resources for State, Local, and Tribal Governments (Was Climate and Energy Resources - "Climate" removed as of Oct. 21, 2017) - the page is now focused on energy efficiency and clean air.

- Historical

EPA's Climate Change Page (snapshot dated Jan. 19, 2017, still accessible on the EPA site as of Oct. 2017)
Another snapshot in case EPA staff take that down:
(Jan. 20, 2017, from

EPA's Climate Change Impacts & Adaptation Page (Sept. 9, 2015, from it was retired/transformed into a general climate change page subsequently)

EPA's Climate and Energy Resources for State, Local, and Tribal Governments (April 13, 2017, from

Government Accountability Office (GAO):

The GAO's summary page on "Climate Change Response" - with links to "key reports"

Climate Change: Information on Potential Economic Effects Could Help Guide Federal Efforts to Reduce Fiscal Exposure (2017, 45 p.)

Climate Change Adaptation: Aligning Funding with Strategic Priorities (2011, 18 p.)

Climate Change Adaptation: Strategic Federal Planning Could Help Government Officials Make More Informed Decisions (2009, 86 p.)

Interagency Climate Change Adaptation Task Force:

Federal Actions for a Climate Resilient Nation: Progress Report of the Interagency Climate Change Adaptation Task Force (Oct. 2011, 32 p., from

Progress Report of the Interagency Climate Change Adaptation Task Force: Recommended Actions in Support of a National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (Final version, Oct. 2010, 72 p., from

Interim Progress Report ( version, Mar. 2010, 7 p., from*

N.B.: The Interagency Climate Change Adaptation Task Force was convened by the White House Council on Environmental Quality, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and worked in coordination with the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP), which still (as of Oct. 2017) technically exists, though severe cuts to its budget have been proposed. In March 2017 a budget was proposed that would cut all staff at the USGCRP.

U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP):

Third National Climate Assessment (2014)

"The Fourth National Climate Assessment (NCA4) is currently underway, with anticipated delivery in late 2018." NCA4 Updates

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